(Amy Groves) – Men and women are different. If you experienced the “facts of life” conversation or took high school biology you are aware physical differences start at conception, develop in the womb, and are apparent the second we are born. Well, no duh. So, three guesses what this conversation is going to be about – and the first two guesses don’t count.
I oppose biological males participating in girls’ sports, at all levels, including college. I oppose this for so many reasons I am not even sure where to start, but perhaps by starting with biology it will create an intelligent, well thought out foundation when we transition to the unintended and far-reaching consequences of permitting transgender athletes to compete in girls / women’s sporting contests.
Definition of a biological woman:
“A woman is an adult female human. Prior to adulthood, a female human is referred to as a girl (a female child or adolescent). The plural women is sometimes used in certain phrases such as “women’s rights” to denote female humans regardless of age.
Typically, women have two X chromosomes and are capable of pregnancy and giving birth from puberty until menopause. Female anatomy is distinguished from male anatomy by the female reproductive system, which includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, and vulva. The adult female pelvis is wider, the hips broader, and the breasts larger than that of adult males. Women have significantly less facial and other body hair, have a higher body fat composition, and are on average shorter and less muscular than men.”–Wikipedia
Definition of a biological man:
“A man is an adult male human. Prior to adulthood, a male human is referred to as a boy (a male child or adolescent). Like most other male mammals, a man’s genome usually inherits an X chromosome from the mother and a Y chromosome from the father. Sex differentiation of the male fetus is governed by the SRY gene on the Y chromosome. During puberty, hormones which stimulate androgen production result in the development of secondary sexual characteristics, thus exhibiting greater differences between the sexes. These include greater muscle mass, the growth of facial hair and a lower body fat composition.
Male anatomy is distinguished from female anatomy by the male reproductive system, which includes the penis, testicles, sperm duct, prostate gland and the epididymis, as well as secondary sex characteristics. .”-Wikipedia
- Athletes, male and female, are evaluated in terms of strength and performance . I’m referring to physical strength not emotional because you know as well as I do women dominate in the emotional strength department. It is not unusual for men to demonstrate greater /stronger athletic performances than Why? Although there are many accomplished women in sports, the performance difference between the two sexes comes down to one primary and pervasive element – the amount of muscle mass directly correlates to the strength and ultimate success of an athlete’s performance.
- According to the American Council on Exercise”men have more type ll muscle fibers while women have more type l. Type ll muscle fibers ensure that men have a greater power output.”
- In one of the older but more comprehensive studies, published in a 1985 issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology, researchers used magnetic resonance imaging to compare skeletal muscle mass and distribution in a sample of 468 men and women. They found significantly more muscle mass in the men; also of note, the gender difference was greater in the upper body.
- A smaller study was conducted and published in the October 2003 issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine evaluated 20 Japanese college students (10 women and 10 men) and confirmed that the men had more muscle mass than the women. The study also affirmed that proportionally more of the men’s muscle mass is in the upper body, while women’s muscle mass is proportionally greater in the lower body.
- An article published in the January 2015 issue ofPhysiology, from the American Physiological Society, indicated that scientists identified more than 3,000 genes that are expressed differently in muscle for women and The 3,000 genes identified contributed differently to performance and strength in male and female skeletal muscles were movement-propelling muscles connected to the skeleton, giving men a significant performance edge. Seems to be that could be a distinct advantage in swimming, volleyball, and gymnastics to name a few.
- A popular and often-cited 1993 study of 16 men and women from the European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiologyasserts that “the women were approximately 52 percent and 66 percent as strong as men in the upper and lower body respectively.”
- This study chalks the gender strength difference up to a greater proportion of lean musclein men, but even it notes that women have between 25 and 45 percent smaller muscles in areas ranging from the biceps brachii to the knee extensors, giving further credence to the more modern assertion that muscle mass really is key.
- According to the Journal of Exercise Physiology, women generally produce about two-thirds the amount of total strength and applied force that men produce. Women are also physically built so that they generally carry two-thirds as much muscle mass as men.
- This proves there is a difference in strength, that men are typically stronger, and that most of the difference is based on body size and muscle cross-sectional area.
Okay, I’m exhausted proving to you what you already knew. Men are stronger. Genetics dictate that men and women each have different and specific roles in our survival as a species so it is only common sense, that, from a biological standpoint only , we are not physically equal to each other. Women have strengths that men do not and vise a versa. Our bodies are built for different purposes -and that’s okay. Praise the Lord, it’s fantastic!
I understand that there are many things I do not understand. However, I do understand what it feels like to be excluded, to feel like I am on the outside looking in with my nose pressed against the glass, feeling I just needed a chance. I have experienced that anxiety and desperation as a woman trying to make my way in the business world that has, for many, many years, been exclusively a male dominated game. I realized I had to do whatever I did not just as good as but” better than”. I didn’t take away anyone else’s place at the table. I played by the existing rules. I did not ask for special treatment or allowances. I just elbowed my way into the game. My hard work eventually earned me a seat at the table, and I didn’t even complain when a man pulled the chair out for me. I played fair. I was all the better and stronger for my success and I could reflect with great pride that my success had not been at anyone else’s expense, and that maybe, just maybe, I had made things a little better for the fight.
I’m not minimizing struggles, stereotypes, bullying, or discrimination transgender individuals experience. It is not my intention to belittle or dismiss anyone that is transgender but I must ask, why is it appropriate for a transgender athlete to compete in a female sporting competition? I’ve spent days researching to provide scientific proof that there are pronounced differences in strength and muscle mass between males and females. Why should a transgender athlete be permitted to take someone’s “seat at the table,” when that person’s biology makes it physically impossible for there to be an even playing field?
Women’s sports are identified as being for women. Allowing transgenders to compete in female athletic competitions demoralizing for all girls and women in sports. In addition to being denied the opportunity to achieve their full potential and to have the character-building experience of being bested by a similar competitor, there also exists bigger social issues.
From the 100-foot view, the most direct and immediate consequence is the loss of sports scholarships for female athletes which could end their college opportunity.
It reduces or eliminates endorsement opportunities.
It impacts who and how athletes qualify for Olympic teams.
It is a suicide shot for pay equity between men and women’s sports.
It destroys “pay for performance” because there is not equity possible in the performance.
It impacts viewership of televised events.
From the 10,000-foot view, this raises concerns that erosions, maybe even assaults, such as transgender girls / women competing in girls / women’s events fundamentally impacts women’s rights issues. Potential ramifications are long reaching and unquantifiable. This is such a hotbed issue that the recent nominee for Supreme Court Justice avoided it at all costs – most importantly to the cost of her credibility.
While Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson may not have been able to go into the amount of detail provided above to define what a woman is, at a minimum based on her own physiological experience, she did not need to be a biologist. She’s in a high-profile position, all eyes are trained on her. Was this the correct time to retreat in fear and make a political statement instead of assuring everyone that it was not her place to make law, but rather to follow and protect the Constitution? Well, evidently so because that is what she elected to do.
When asked by Senator Ted Cruz if she could define what a woman was, this was her response.
“No, I can’t,” she eventually said. “Not in this context. I’m not a biologist.”
Her unwillingness to acknowledge the gravity of that question was “the shot heard around the world.” It signaled not the start of a race but instead the strides made in women’s sports, maybe even women’s rights in this county, from competition, to television time, to pay equity was not as important as getting confirmed to the United States Supreme Court.
A former Olympian running for the Senate has warned that Supreme Court nominee Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson’s refusal to define a woman “could send the women’s rights movement back decades.”
Eli Bremer, a pentathlete who competed at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, insisted that serious issues were raised by Jackson’s insistence Tuesday that she could not define a woman because she is “not a biologist.”
“If Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson is confirmed, I have no confidence in her ability to protect women,” Bremer told Fox News Digital.
“After all, how can you protect something that you cannot define?”
The Air Force veteran, running for a Senate seat in Colorado, said it was especially important given the intense focus over controversial transgender swimmer Lia Thomas.
“Defining a female in sport is the core issue of women’s rights in sport, which have been federally protected by the federal government for the last 50 years,” Bremer told Fox News Digital.
Bottomline, this issue is not just about who is permitted to swim, run, or jump. The 10,000-foot view highlights how far reaching this precedent is. It doesn’t just impact a swim meet in Florida. There are overtones as far reaching as to make us question the integrity, qualifications, and decision-making ability of a candidate for the United Sates Supreme Court.